Table 2.

Relative risk for rapid kidney function decline (>5% annual decline) among community-dwelling adults

ParameterAge AdjustedFully Adjusted Clinical Risk Modela
Relative Risk95% Confidence IntervalRelative Risk95% Confidence IntervalP
Age ≥60 years2.692.07, 3.501.731.28, 2.32<0.001
Hypertension1.901.43, 2.521.581.17, 2.130.003
Diabetes2.111.56, 2.831.531.11, 2.110.009
Cardiovascular disease2.621.87, 3.672.221.57, 3.12<0.001
Family history
    diabetes1.401.07, 1.841.270.96, 1.670.10
    hypertension1.200.92, 1.56
    kidney failure0.890.37, 2.16
Obese1.481.14, 1.93
Male gender1.150.84, 1.44
  • aCovariates were removed from the final, fully-adjusted clinical risk model if p > 0.20; all interactions were tested and removed at α = 0.05.