Table 3.

Adjusted associations between intensity of care around the time of dialysis initiation and death

Intensity of CareaHazard Ratio per Age (95% CI)
67–74 yr75–79 yr80–84 yr≥85 yr
Group 1 (lowest)ReferenceReferenceReferenceReference
Group 21.07 (1.05 to 1.08)1.07 (1.06 to 1.09)1.09 (1.07 to 1.11)1.09 (1.07 to 1.12)
Group 31.21 (1.15 to 1.28)1.26 (1.17 to 1.35)1.23 (1.13 to 1.34)1.44 (1.29 to 1.61)
Group 41.30 (1.28 to 1.32)1.29 (1.26 to 1.31)1.33 (1.30 to 1.36)1.36 (1.32 to 1.40)
Group 5 (highest)1.39 (1.35 to 1.43)1.42 (1.37 to 1.47)1.53 (1.47 to 1.60)1.50 (1.42 to 1.59)
  • Adjusted for sex, race, cause of ESRD, eGFR, comorbid conditions, and year dialysis was initiated.

  • a Group 1: outpatient; group 2: <2 weeks hospitalized, no intensive procedure; group 3: <2 weeks hospitalized, at least one intensive procedure; group 4: ≥2 weeks hospitalized, no intensive procedure; group 5: ≥2 weeks hospitalized, at least one intensive procedure.