Table 3.

Association of birth weight with development of CKD

CKDLow Birth Weight (400–2499 g)High Birth Weight (>4000 g)
YesNoYesNo
Yes24114662771466
No110516,217260816,217
Crude OR (95% CI)2.41 (2.08 to 2.80)1.17 (1.03 to 1.34)
Adjusted OR (95% CI)2.88 (2.28 to 3.63)a0.97 (0.79 to 1.21)b
  • Exposure reference group is offspring with normal birth weight (2500–3999 g).

  • a Adjusted for maternal DM, BMI, and smoking.

  • b Adjusted for maternal BMI and smoking.