Table 7.

Association of birth weight and maternal risk factors (maternal DM [PDM and GDM] and overweight/obesity) with development of obstructive uropathy

Risk FactorNCrude OR95% CIaOR95% CI
Low birth weight (400–2499 g)1702.011.69 to 2.392.53a1.95 to 3.29
High birth weight (>4000 g)2441.221.06 to 1.411.05b0.84 to 1.32
Maternal PDMc50.730.30 to 1.800.52d0.13 to 2.16
Maternal GDMc681.341.04 to 1.741.50b1.07 to 2.09
Maternal overweighte2401.221.03 to 1.421.27f1.05 to 1.52
Maternal obesitye1991.231.03 to 1.461.27g1.05 to 1.55
  • a Adjusted for maternal DM, BMI, and smoking.

  • b Adjusted for maternal BMI and smoking.

  • c Exposure reference group is mothers without DM.

  • d Adjusted for maternal BMI and smoking.

  • e Exposure reference group is mothers with normal BMI.

  • f Adjusted for maternal DM and gestational HTN.

  • g Adjusted for maternal smoking.