Table 4.

Association of maternal DM with the development of CKD in offspring

CKDPDMGDM
YesNoYesNo
Yes161761841761
No8317,98161317,981
Crude OR (95% CI)1.97 (1.15 to 3.37)1.40 (1.11 to 1.77)
Adjusted OR (95% CI)1.12 (0.4 to 2.84)a1.54 (1.13 to 2.09)b
  • Exposure reference group is mothers without DM; mothers with unknown DM status were excluded from analysis.

  • a Adjusted for maternal BMI and smoking.

  • b Adjusted for maternal BMI, gestational HTN, and smoking.