Table 3.

Estimated excess missed treatments, hospitalization, ER, and ICU-CCU utilization attributed to each adherence barrier

BarrierAdditional Missed Treatments per Patient-YearAdditional Hospitalization Days per Patient-YearAdditional ER Visits per Patient-YearAdditional ICU-CCU Admissions per Patient-Year
All barriers together0.89 (0.88–0.91)5.57 (5.46–5.67)1.13 (1.11–1.15)0.08 (0.082–0.085)
Gastrointestinal upset0.11 (0.10–0.113)2.02 (1.04–2.09)0.41 (0.40–0.42)0.03 (0.029–0.031)
Depression0.003 (0.002–0.003)0.20 (0.19–0.21)0.026 (0.025–0.028)0.0016 (0.0014–0.0016)
Drug or alcohol abuse0.36 (0.35–0.37)0.37 (0.36–038)0.11 (0.10–0.11)0.0018 (0.0017–0.0019)
Chronic pain0.16 (0.15–0.17)2.74 (2.68–2.80)0.64 (0.63–0.65)0.043 (0.043–0.044)
Transportation to clinic0.21 (0.20–0.22)0.78 (0.77–0.80)0.16 (0.15–0.17)0.0022 (0.0021–0.0023)
Driving time to clinic0.091 (0.090–0.092)0.07 (0.069–0.071)−0.008 (−0.0085 to −0.0074)0.0039 (0.0038–0.0039)
Snow fall0.029 (0.028–0.030)0.47 (0.45–0.48)0.032 (0.031–0.033)0.013 (0.013–0.014)
Treatment on holidays0.25 (0.24–0.26)1.67 (1.63–1.71)0.13 (0.12–0.14)0.067 (0.065–0.068)
  • The graph illustrates the annual rate of hospitalizations, ER visits, and ICU-CCU unit admissions by the annual rate of missed treatment days.