Table 1.

Baseline characteristics according to CKD status

CharacteristicsOverallCKDNo CKD
N655312845269
Age, yr62 (10)69 (9)60 (10)
Men, %484648
Race, %
 White393939
 Black272827
 Hispanic222122
 Asian121212
Current smoker, %131014
Hypertension, %456939
Antihypertensive, %375931
Systolic BP, mmHg127 (21)137 (23)124 (20)
Diastolic BP, mmHg72 (10)73 (11)72 (10)
Total cholesterol, mmol/L5.0 (0.9)5.0 (1.0)5.0 (0.9)
HDL cholesterol, mmol/L1.32 (0.38)1.29 (0.37)1.32 (0.38)
Diabetes, %122310
Fasting glucose, mmol/L5.4 (1.7)5.9 (2.2)5.3 (1.5)
eGFRcre, ml/min per 1.73 m278 (16)62 (18)82 (13)
ACR, mg/g5.3 (3.3–10.9)22.4 (5.1–70.9)4.8 (3.2–8.3)
CAC0 (0–85)31 (0–224)0 (0–58)
Z score maximum IMT−0.01 (1.00)0.37 (1.11)−0.10 (0.95)
ABI1.11 (0.12)1.08 (0.14)1.12 (0.11)
  • CKD defined as eGFRcre<60 ml/min per 1.73 m2 or urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio≥30 mg/g. Values are mean (SD), percent, or median (interquartile range). eGFRcre, eGFR by the CKD-EPI creatinine equation; ACR, albumin-to-creatinine ratio.