Table 3.

Adjusted HR (95% CI) of CVD for subclinical measures among participants with and without CKD

PredictorsSubclinical Measure
CACaIMTbABI
CVD
 CKD1.69 (1.45 to 1.97)1.12 (1.00 to 1.25)1.20 (1.08 to 1.32)
 Non-CKD1.89 (1.69 to 2.12)1.19 (1.08 to 1.31)1.27 (1.16 to 1.40)
CHD
 CKD2.36 (1.88 to 2.98)1.18 (1.02 to 1.37)1.14 (1.00 to 1.30)
 Non-CKD2.19 (1.87 to 2.55)1.31 (1.16 to 1.47)1.32 (1.17 to 1.48)
Stroke
 CKD0.99 (0.74 to 1.32)1.04 (0.81 to 1.35)1.08 (0.87 to 1.34)
 Non-CKD1.38 (1.09 to 1.75)1.01 (0.81 to 1.26)1.08 (0.88 to 1.32)
HF
 CKD1.55 (1.21 to 1.97)1.07 (0.88 to 1.30)1.01 (0.85 to 1.20)
 Non-CKD1.47 (1.18 to 1.83)1.05 (0.86 to 1.27)0.99 (0.82 to 1.19)
PAD
 CKD1.67 (1.11 to 2.53)1.22 (0.88 to 1.69)2.20 (1.76 to 2.75)
 Non-CKD2.42 (1.62 to 3.61)1.44 (1.08 to 1.91)1.96 (1.57 to 2.44)
  • HR per 1 SD higher (CAC and IMT) or lower (PAD) is shown.

  • a ln(CAC score+1).

  • b Z score for overall maximal internal and common carotid IMT.