Table 3.

Cause-specific deaths among those with non–dialysis-dependent CKD

Causes of death (n, %)Overall (n=6661)eGFR 45–59 (n=3308)eGFR 30–44 (n=2261)eGFR<30 (n=1092)
Cardiovascular diseases2311 (34.7)1017 (30.7)862 (38.1)432 (39.6)
 Ischemic heart disease1227 (18.4)532 (16.1)457 (20.2)238 (21.8)
 Heart failure163 (2.4)61 (1.8)75 (3.3)27 (2.5)
 Cerebrovascular diseases255 (3.8)123 (3.7)94 (4.2)38 (3.5)
 Other cardiovascular diseases666 (10.0)301 (9.1)236 (10.4)129 (11.8)
Malignant neoplasms2117 (31.8)1282 (38.8)616 (27.2)219 (20.1)
Non-cardiovascular/Non-malignancy
 Chronic lower respiratory disease316 (4.7)147 (4.4)109 (4.8)60 (5.5)
 Diabetes mellitus228 (3.4)91 (2.8)71 (3.1)66 (6.0)
 Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis125 (1.9)29 (0.9)37 (1.6)59 (5.4)
 Alzheimer’s disease122 (1.8)58 (1.8)45 (2.0)19 (1.7)
 Influenza and pneumonia113 (1.7)48 (1.5)43 (1.9)22 (2.0)
 Septicemia95 (1.4)47 (1.4)33 (1.5)15 (1.4)
 Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis66 (1.0)26 (0.8)27 (1.2)13 (1.2)
 Pneumonitis due to solids and liquids50 (0.8)22 (0.7)18 (0.8)10 (0.9)
 Parkinson's disease31 (0.5)19 (0.6)11 (0.5)1 (0.1)
 All other diseases972 (14.6)464 (14.0)352 (15.6)156 (14.3)
Non-disease related deathsa115 (1.7)58 (1.8)37 (1.6)20 (1.8)
  • a For example: homicide, suicide, accidents.