Table 3.

Unadjusted and multivariable adjusted HRs for death among men by height quintile stratified by race

Quintile group
ContinuousQ1Q2Q3Q4Q5
(per 5 cm increase)<167 cm167–172 cm173–177 cm178–181 cm≥182 cm
HR (95% CI)aReferent quintileHR (95% CI)aHR (95% CI)aHR (95% CI)aHR (95% CI)a
Overall
 Age adjusted1.00 (1.00–1.01)1.001.00 (0.99–1.02)1.02 (1.01–1.04)1.03 (1.02–1.04)1.06 (1.05–1.07)
 Multivariate adjustedb1.00 (1.00–1.01)1.001.01 (0.99–1.02)1.02 (1.00–1.03)1.03 (1.01–1.04)1.04 (1.03–1.06)
 Plus weightc1.02 (1.02–1.03)1.001.04 (1.02–1.06)1.08 (1.06–1.10)1.12 (1.10–1.14)1.18 (1.16–1.20)
 Plus dietitian visitd1.02 (1.02–1.03)1.001.03 (1.01–1.06)1.07 (1.05–1.10)1.11 (1.08–1.14)1.16 (1.13–1.20)
 Plus nephrology visitd1.02 (1.02–1.03)1.001.04 (1.01–1.07)1.08 (1.05–1.11)1.12 (1.09–1.15)1.17 (1.14–1.20)
White
 Age adjusted1.01 (1.01–1.01)1.001.00 (0.99–1.02)1.02 (1.01–1.04)1.04 (1.03–1.06)1.08 (1.07–1.10)
 Multivariate adjustedb1.01 (1.01–1.01)1.001.01 (0.99–1.02)1.03 (1.01–1.04)1.05 (1.03–1.06)1.07 (1.05–1.09)
 Plus weightc1.03 (1.02–1.03)1.001.03 (1.02–1.05)1.08 (1.06–1.10)1.13 (1.11–1.15)1.19 (1.17–1.22)
 Plus dietitian visitd1.03 (1.02–1.04)1.001.03 (1.00–1.06)1.07 (1.04–1.11)1.12 (1.09–1.16)1.20 (1.16–1.24)
 Plus nephrology visitd1.03 (1.02–1.04)1.001.03 (1.00–1.07)1.08 (1.05–1.11)1.13 (1.10–1.17)1.21 (1.17–1.25)
Black
 Age adjusted0.97 (0.97–0.98)1.000.94 (0.91–0.96)0.90 (0.87–0.92)0.85 (0.82–0.87)0.87 (0.85–0.89)
 Multivariate adjustedb0.98 (0.98–0.99)1.000.97 (0.94–1.00)0.93 (0.90–0.96)0.89 (0.86–0.92)0.91 (0.88–0.94)
 Plus weightc1.00 (1.00–1.01)1.000.99 (0.96–1.03)0.99 (0.96–1.02)0.99 (0.96–1.02)1.06 (1.02–1.09)
 Plus dietitian visitd1.00 (0.99–1.01)1.000.99 (0.93–1.05)0.99 (0.93–1.05)0.98 (0.92–1.04)1.02 (0.96–1.08)
 Plus nephrology visitd1.00 (0.99–1.01)1.000.99 (0.93–1.05)0.99 (0.94–1.05)0.98 (0.93–1.05)1.02 (0.96–1.08)
Asian
 Age adjusted0.98 (0.97–0.99)1.000.92 (0.87–0.98)1.02 (0.94–1.09)1.03 (0.93–1.15)1.10 (0.95–1.26)
 Multivariate adjustedb0.98 (0.97–1.00)1.000.94 (0.88–1.01)1.02 (0.93–1.11)1.01 (0.90–1.15)1.01 (0.85–1.19)
 Plus weightc1.00 (0.99–1.02)1.001.00 (0.93–1.07)1.12 (1.03–1.23)1.17 (1.03–1.33)1.22 (1.03–1.45)
 Plus dietitian visitd0.99 (0.96–1.02)1.001.00 (0.89–1.13)1.12 (0.97–1.30)1.22 (0.99–1.50)1.07 (0.79–1.43)
 Plus nephrology visitd0.99 (0.96–1.01)1.001.00 (0.88–1.12)1.12 (0.96–1.30)1.21 (0.98–1.49)1.06 (0.79–1.42)
American Indian/Alaska native
 Age adjusted1.01 (0.99–1.04)1.001.07 (0.92–1.24)1.00 (0.87–1.15)1.08 (0.93–1.25)1.12 (0.96–1.31)
 Multivariate adjustedb1.02 (0.99–1.05)1.001.18 (1.00–1.39)1.10 (0.93–1.29)1.12 (0.95–1.33)1.17 (0.98–1.39)
 Plus weightc1.04 (1.01–1.08)1.001.20 (1.02–1.42)1.15 (0.97–1.35)1.21 (1.01–1.44)1.28 (1.07–1.54)
 Plus dietitian visitd0.98 (0.93–1.03)1.001.03 (0.77–1.37)0.92 (0.69–1.22)1.01 (0.75–1.37)0.84 (0.60–1.17)
 Plus nephrology visitd0.98 (0.93–1.03)1.001.06 (0.80–1.41)0.92 (0.70–1.23)1.03 (0.76–1.39)0.85 (0.61–1.18)
  • CKD-EPI, Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration.

  • a HRs and 95% CIs.

  • b Multivariable model adjusted for: age, cause of end-stage kidney disease, co-morbid conditions at time of dialysis initiation (coronary artery disease, peripheral vascular disease, heart failure, stroke, hypertension, diabetes, chronic lung disease, and malignancy), lifestyle factors (current smoker status, drug and alcohol addiction), functional status indicators (inability to ambulate, inability to transfer independently), socioeconomic factors (employment status, insurance status at time of dialysis), baseline eGFR (from the CKD-EPI equation), albumin, and use of erythropoietin prior to dialysis initiation, incident year of cohort.

  • c Body weight measured prior to first dialysis treatment was included in extended model to account for differences in body size.

  • d Visit with a nephrologist or dietitian was substituted for pre-dialysis erythropoietin in extended models to account for differences in care patterns prior to dialysis initiation.