Table 5.

Effects of low (upper panel) and high Pi dietary intake (lower panel) without and with vitamin D3 on parameters of endothelial function and arterial elasticity

Endothelial and Arterial ParametersBaselineW6W11 (Plus D3)Recovery
Low Pi dietary intake
 Reactive hyperemia index1.67 (1.30 to 2.04)1.53 (1.30 to 1.86)1.76 (1.40 to 2.12)ND
 AI, %−10.6 (−2.0 to −19.2)−7.4 (−2 to −12.8)−10.7 (−5.7 to 16.4)ND
 PWV, m/s5.1 (4.4 to 5.8)5.3 (4.5 to 6.1)5.1 (4.4 to 5.8)ND
High Pi dietary intake
 Reactive hyperemia index1.93 (1.48 to 2.38)1.84 (1.60 to 2.08)1.86 (1.50 to 2.22)1.92 (1.70 to 2.14)
 AI, %−10.1 (−2.0 to 18.2)−8.1 (−3.2 to −13.0)−4.9 (+1.0 to 10.8)−7.8 (0 to 15.6)
 PWV, m/s5.7 (4.7 to 6.7)5.8 (4.9 to 6.7)5.7 (4.8 to 6.6)5.8 (4.9 to 6.7)
  • Values are means with 95% CIs in brackets. Recovery measurements (2 mo after the high-Pi plus D3 period+1 week) were only performed in the high-Pi group. D3, vitamin D3; W, week; Pi, phosphorus.