Table 2.

Renal parameters and inflammatory markers

Renal Parameters and Inflammatory MarkersNo. of Patients (%)MedianRange
AKI stage
 No AKI2/42 (4.8)
 AKI stage 16/42 (14.3)
 AKI stage 29/42 (21.4)
 AKI stage 316/42 (38.1)
 Serum creatinine not available9/42 (21.4)
Proteinuria (dipstick), mg/dla
 <306/29 (20.7)
 306/29 (20.7)
 10010/29 (34.5)
 3004/29 (13.8)
 >10003/29 (10.3)
No. of nephrotoxin exposures
 013/42 (31.0)
 117/42 (40.4)
 210/42 (23.8)
 31/42 (2.4)
 41/42 (2.4)
Inflammatory markers
 Elevated IL-6 (reference range: ≤5 pg/ml)b26/26 (100)>31536 to >315
 Elevated high-sensitivity CRP (reference range: 0.00–10.00 mg/L)c30/30 (100)245.782.07 to >300
 Elevated d-dimer (reference range: ≤0.80 μg/ml FEU)d27/28 (96.4)10.20.58 to >20
 Abnormal fibrinogen activity (reference range: 191–430 mg/dl)e12/14 (92.9)456.5<60 to 855
  • CRP, C-reactive protein; FEU, fibrinogen equivalent units.

  • a Proteinuria was unavailable in 13 patients.

  • b IL-6 levels were unavailable in 16 patients.

  • c CRP levels were unavailable in 12 patients.

  • d d-dimer levels were unavailable in 14 patients.

  • e Fibrinogen activity was unavailable in 28 patients.