Table 1.

Cohort characteristics

CharacteristicTransplant (n=27,633)Failed Transplant, Never Relisted a(n=14,653)Removed from Waitlistb (n=16,490)Inactive on the Waitlist (n=17,010)Active on the Waitlist (n=11,529)On Dialysis, Never Waitlisted or Transplanted (Reference Group) (n=480,517)Full Cohort (n=567,832)
Age category (%)
 19–544710 (17.0)4888 (33.4)3479 (21.1)5794 (34.1)4169 (36.2)40,476 (8.4)63,516 (11.2)
 55–646330 (22.9)4014 (27.4)4600 (27.9)5556 (32.7)3789 (32.9)66,926 (13.9)91,215 (16.1)
 65–7410,286 (37.2)4017 (27.4)5704 (34.6)4727 (27.8)3004 (26.1)128,895 (26.8)156,633 (27.6)
 75–1006307 (22.8)1734 (11.8)2707 (16.4)933 (5.5)567 (4.9)244,220 (50.8)256,468 (45.2)
Age, mean (SD)65.1 (11.6)58.9 (13.2)62.9 (11.6)57.8 (11.6)56.9 (12.1)72.5 (12.3)70.7 (12.9)
Sex
 Women10,152 (36.7)5965 (40.7)6718 (40.7)6936 (40.8)4599 (39.9)221,858 (46.2)256,228 (45.1)
 Men17,479 (63.3)8687 (59.3)9771 (59.3)10,074 (59.2)6929 (60.1)258,566 (53.8)311,506 (54.9)
 Missing<11<11<11<11<1193 (0.0)98 (0.0)
Race (%)
 Asian771 (2.8)324 (2.2)599 (3.6)528 (3.1)570 (4.9)10,548 (2.2)13,340 (2.3)
 American Indian or Alaska Native400 (1.4)186 (1.3)281 (1.7)224 (1.3)146 (1.3)5330 (1.1)6567 (1.2)
 Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander122 (0.4)70 (0.5)176 (1.1)164 (1.0)131 (1.1)3220 (0.7)3883 (0.7)
 Black5299 (19.2)4777 (32.6)5737 (34.8)5909 (34.7)3997 (34.7)129,437 (26.9)155,156 (27.3)
 White20,791 (75.2)9189 (62.7)9567 (58.0)10,025 (58.9)6571 (57.0)329,187 (68.5)385,330 (67.9)
 Other or multiple races221 (0.8)105 (0.7)123 (0.7)152 (0.9)107 (0.9)2682 (0.6)3390 (0.6)
 Missing29 (0.1)<11<11<11<11113 (0.0)166 (0.0)
Year of death category (%)
 2005–20064921 (17.8)2918 (19.9)2070 (12.6)2821 (16.6)2853 (24.7)102,202 (21.3)117,785 (20.7)
 2007–20084992 (18.1)2804 (19.1)2552 (15.5)3302 (19.4)2501 (21.7)97,379 (20.3)113,530 (20.0)
 2009–20105470 (19.8)2912 (19.9)3311 (20.1)3595 (21.1)2229 (19.3)95,026 (19.8)112,543 (19.8)
 2011–20125884 (21.3)2947 (20.1)4008 (24.3)3748 (22.0)1940 (16.8)93,339 (19.4)111,866 (19.7)
 2013–20146366 (23.0)3072 (21.0)4549 (27.6)3544 (20.8)2006 (17.4)92,571 (19.3)112,108 (19.7)
Comorbidities (%)
 Diabetes mellitus19,873 (71.9)10,708 (73.1)12,555 (76.1)13,065 (76.8)8649 (75.0)378,342 (78.7)443,192 (78.0)
 Coronary artery disease16,855 (61.0)10,367 (70.8)12,677 (76.9)12,605 (74.1)7877 (68.3)372,320 (77.5)432,701 (76.2)
 Congestive heart failure15,934 (57.7)11,089 (75.7)12,555 (76.1)12,490 (73.4)7606 (66.0)390,614 (81.3)450,288 (79.3)
 Stroke7965 (28.8)5023 (34.3)5983 (36.3)5933 (34.9)3556 (30.8)185,240 (38.6)213,700 (37.6)
 Cancer10,378 (37.6)3475 (23.7)3777 (22.9)3534 (20.8)1761 (15.3)127,755 (26.6)150,680 (26.5)
 Emphysema9263 (33.5)6112 (41.7)7199 (43.7)6475 (38.1)3524 (30.6)251,447 (52.3)284,020 (50.0)
 Cirrhosis1611 (5.8)1249 (8.5)1706 (10.3)1594 (9.4)789 (6.8)31,054 (6.5)38,003 (6.7)
 Dementia2434 (8.8)1290 (8.8)1915 (11.6)1191 (7.0)503 (4.4)89,084 (18.5)96,417 (17.0)
  • Chi-squared or ANOVA for difference between groups was <0.001 for all comparisons.

  • a This group includes patients with a prior transplant that failed and who were not subsequently relisted or retransplanted.

  • b This group includes patients on dialysis with a failed transplant who were subsequently waitlisted and then removed.