Table 1.

Characteristics of participating nephrology fellows and recent graduates

CharacteristicCurrent Fellows (n=291)aGraduates (n=134)a
Fellowship, n (%)
 Adult nephrology230 (79)132 (99)
 Pediatric nephrology57 (20)0 (0)
 Adult/pediatric nephrology4 (1.4)2 (1.5)
Educational status, n (%)
 USMG143 (49)61 (46)
 IMG130 (45)65 (49)
 US IMG18 (6)8 (6)
Median age in yr (IQR)32 (4)33 (3)
Race, n (%)
 White124 (43)51 (38)
 Black16 (6)6 (5)
 South Asian80 (28)40 (30)
 East Asian30 (10)6 (5)
 Southeast Asian14 (5)11 (8)
 Pacific Islander0 (0)1 (1)
 Multiple6 (2)4 (3)
 Other17 (6)14 (11)
Ethnicity, n (%)
 Hispanic30 (10)18 (13)
Sex, n (%)
 Male146 (50)87 (65)
 Female145 (50)46 (34)
 Prefer not to answer0 (0)1 (0.7)
Citizenship status, n (%)
 Native-born US citizen129 (44)55 (41)
 Naturalized US citizen42 (14)27 (20)
 Permanent resident30 (10)15 (11)
H-1, H-2, or H-3 visa (temporary worker)23 (7.9)17 (13)
 J-1 or J-2 visa (exchange visitor)64 (22)19 (14)
 Other visa3 (1.0)1 (0.7)
Median educational debt in US$1000s (IQR)161 (257)213 (298)
  • a Percentages may not total 100% due to rounding.